Answered By: Vicki Sciuk
Last Updated: Jul 28, 2016     Views: 312

Whenever you include someone else's words or ideas in a paper, you must give them credit both on the Works Cited (MLA) or References (APA) page at the end of your paper, and right next to the quote. 

An exact quote should be in quotation marks (" "), or if the quotation is 40 words or more, should be formatted as a block quotation. Then you put an In-Text Citation right after the quotation to show where the quote came from.
It is short, goes in parenthesis, includes the page number, and points to the full citation on your reference page. 


MLA - an in-text citation is placed after the closing quotation mark, consisting of the author's last name and page number: 

     “MLA is a fabulous style” (Johnson 37)

APA - an in-text citation is placed after the closing quotation mark, but also includes the publication date and is formatted differently, with commas and p. before the page number:  

     “Berkeley College librarians are very helpful with APA style” (Rios, 2015, p. 15)

The author in the parenthesis should match the beginning of your full reference. For sources where there is no author, the title is moved to the first position in your list of citations. Therefore use the title, or a shortened version of it, for your in-text citation, followed by the page # (MLA), or date, p. # (APA).

For both, put the title in italics for works that stand alone, like books or movies (Title of Source), and in quotation marks for works that are part of a greater whole, like journal articles, book chapters, reports (“Title of Document").

More on MLA citations from the CAS:

More on APA citations from the CAS 

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